Journal of Human Reproductive Science
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 29-33
Does pretrigger echogenic endometrium in assisted reproductive technology cycles reflect raised serum progesterone level?

1 Department of Reproductive Medicine and Surgery, Sri Ramachandra Medical College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Sri Ramachandra Medical College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
3 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Saveetha Medical College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Monna Pandurangi
Department of Reproductive Medicine and Surgery, Sri Ramachandra Medical College and Research Institute, Sri Ramachandra University, Ramachandra Nagar, Porur, Chennai - 600 116, Tamil Nadu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jhrs.JHRS_104_17

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Background: Serum progesterone is the main hormone of the luteal phase. The hyperechoic pattern of the endometrium in the luteal phase is believed to be induced by raised serum progesterone. Serum progesterone is found to be raised cases of controlled ovarian stimulation (COS) cycle on the day of ovulation trigger. Aim: This study aims to find the association between echogenicity of endometrium and raised serum progesterone Objective: The objective of this study is to determine whether raised pretrigger serum progesterone influences the echogenicity of the endometrium Materials and Methods: In this prospective observational study, we evaluated 221 patients who underwent COS. Echogenic patterns of the endometrium on transvaginal sonography were described as hypoechoic/trilaminar endometrium (Type A), isoechoic (Type B), and hyperechoic (Type C). The endometrial pattern and serum progesterone levels were evaluated on the day of ovulation trigger and value of ≥1 ng/ml was considered as elevated. Results: A total of 168 patients out of 221 patients (76.01%) had elevated serum progesterone levels on the day of ovulation trigger. Type A endometrium was found in a total of 174 patients, of these 132 patients (75.86%) had raised serum progesterone. Type B endometrium was found in 35 patients, of these 27 patients (77.14%) had raised serum progesterone. Type C endometrium was seen in 12 patients, out of these 9 patients (75.00%) had raised serum progesterone level. There was no statistically significant difference in the echogenic patterns of endometrium in patients with raised progesterone (≥1 ng/ml). On intergroup comparison, the difference in the progesterone levels between type A and type C was statistically significant (P = 0.02), and on receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, echogenic endometrium was found to predict progesterone level of 1.57 ng/ml with a sensitivity of 58.3% and specificity of 58.4% only. Conclusion: Echogenicity of the endometrium does not reliably predict raised serum progesterone on the day of ovulation trigger.

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