Journal of Human Reproductive Science
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 242-246
Perifollicular vascularity in poor ovarian responders in In vitro fertilization cycles

Department of Reproductive Medicine, Milann-The Fertility Centre, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Asifa Majeed
16 ITO Colony, Gangapath, Suraj Nagar West, Civil Lines, Jaipur - 302 006, Rajasthan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jhrs.JHRS_139_17

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Context: Poor response is reported in 9%–24% of stimulated cycles. Color Doppler indices of follicular blood flow are correlated with oocyte recovery, fertilization rate, developmental potential of oocyte, and pregnancy rate in in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment. Aim: The aim of this study is to find out the correlation between perifollicular vascularity with clinical outcomes in poor ovarian responders during IVF cycles. Settings and Design: A total of 49 poor ovarian responder women undergoing conventional IVF-embryo transfer procedure at a tertiary care hospital between September 2014 and 2015 were included in the study. It was a prospective observational study. Subjects and Methods: Patients were recruited on the day of trigger following a transvaginal ultrasound if they developed ≤4 dominant follicles of ≥16 mm diameter. After ovarian stimulation patients who had all follicles with low-grade vascularity were classified as Group A, those with follicles with high-grade vascularity were Group C, and Group B included patients with follicles of both good and poor vascularity. Statistical Analysis Used: Analysis of variance and Chi-square/Fisher's exact test and software, namely SAS 9.2 and SPSS 15, has been used. Results: A total 49 patients were recruited for the study.10 patients were allocated in Group A, 26 patients in Group B and 13 in Group C. Both groups were comparable in terms of age, period of infertility, follicle-stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone, and gonadotrophin requirement. The number of metaphase II oocytes and good quality oocytes was significantly higher in Group C. Implantation rate, clinical pregnancy rate, multiple pregnancy rate, miscarriage rate, and live birth rate were comparable among all groups. Conclusions: Perifollicular vascularity has an important role to play in clinical outcomes in poor ovarian responders in IVF cycles.

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