Journal of Human Reproductive Science
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 261-268
Evaluating the utility of intralipid infusion to improve live birth rates in patients with recurrent pregnancy loss or recurrent implantation failure

1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois, USA
2 Fertility Centers of Illinois, Chicago, Illinois, USA

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Anne E Martini
1653 W. Congress Pkwy, Suite 218 Kellogg, Chicago, Illinois 60612
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jhrs.JHRS_28_18

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Context: Intralipid is used to improve clinical outcomes in patients with recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) or recurrent implantation failure (RIF) with elevated natural killer (NK) cells. Data supporting this practice is conflicting but suggestive of minimal benefit. Aims: The aims of this study are to determine if intralipid infusion improves live birth rates and if is a cost-effective therapy in the RPL/RIF population. Settings and Design: This was a large REI private practice, retrospective cohort study. Subjects and Methods: Charts of 127 patients who received intralipid from 2012 to 2015 were reviewed and compared to historical control data. T-tests and Chi-square analyses evaluated demographics and cycle statistics. Chi-square analyses assessed impact on clinical pregnancy and live birth rates. Cost analysis was performed from societal perspective with a one-way sensitivity analysis. Results: Patients with live births were noted to have a higher average number of previous live births and were more likely to have had a frozen embryo transfer in the intralipid cycle in comparison to those with unsuccessful pregnancy outcomes. Neither clinical pregnancy nor live birth rates were significantly improved from baseline rates quoted in the literature (P = 0.12 and 0.80, respectively). Intralipid increased costs by $681 per live birth. If live birth rates were >40% using intralipid and <51% without intervention, neither strategy was favored. Conclusions: Intralipid does not improve live birth rates and is not cost-effective for patients with RIF or RPL and elevated NK cells. This study supports the growing literature demonstrating the minimal benefit of screening for and treating elevated peripheral NK cells.

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