Journal of Human Reproductive Science
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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 261-271
The Prevalence of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: A Brief Systematic Review

1 Center for Medical Biotechnology, MD University, Rohtak, Haryana, India
2 Department of Biochemistry, MD University, Rohtak, Haryana, India

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Chandra S Pundir
Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Life Sciences, MD University, Rohtak, Haryana
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jhrs.JHRS_95_18

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Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), the major endocrinopathy among reproductive-aged women, is not yet perceived as an important health problem in the world. It affects 4%–20% of women of reproductive age worldwide. The prevalence, diagnosis, etiology, management, clinical practices, psychological issues, and prevention are some of the most confusing aspects associated with PCOS. Aim: The exact prevalence figures regarding PCOS are limited and unclear. The aim of this review is to summarize comprehensively the current knowledge on the prevalence of PCOS. Materials and Methods: Literature search was performed through PubMed, ScienceDirect, Cochrane Library, and Google Scholar (up to December 2019). All relevant articles published in English language were identified following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. Results: Our analysis yielded 27 surveys with a pooled mean prevalence of 21.27% using different diagnostic criteria. The proportion of women with PCOS also increased in the last decade. Conclusion: The current review summarizes and interprets the results of all published prevalence studies and highlights the burden of the syndrome, thereby supporting early identification and prevention of PCOS in order to reverse the persistent upward trend of prevalence.

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