Journal of Human Reproductive Science
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CASE SERIES Table of Contents   
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 439-442
The effect of endometrial polyp resection by office hysteroscopy during in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection treatment cycle on pregnancy rate a series of 25 cases


1 Department of Reproductive Medicine and Infertility, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, The Hashemite University, Zarqa, Jordan
2 Department of Faculty of Medicine, The University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Firas Al Rshoud
Department of Reproductive Medicine and Infertility, Faculty of Medicine, The Hashemite University, P.O.Box 330127, Zarqa
Jordan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jhrs.jhrs_14_21

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Aim: This study aims to evaluate the effect of endometrial polyp resection by office hysteroscopy during in vitro fertilisation/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI) treatment cycle on pregnancy rate. Setting and Design: A retrospective observational study (case series). Materials and Methods: Twenty-five patients from a total of 346 patients that started IVF/ICSI treatment due to different causes of infertility over the period from January 2018 to December 2019 underwent an office hysteroscopy during ovarian stimulation (day 7–8) due to suspected endometrial polyp by transvaginal ultrasound and confirmed at day 7 of ovarian stimulation were retrospectively investigated. Results: Eighteen patients from the 25 patients that started IVF/ICSI treatment; endometrial polyp was confirmed by office hysteroscopy and resected, egg collection performed after 4–5 days after the hysteroscopy, embryo transfer done Double ET) at Day 3 and 5, the clinical Pregnancy rate was 56% (10 from the 18). No hysteroscopy-related adverse events were reported. Conclusion: Office hysteroscopy during ovarian stimulation in the IVF/ICSI treatment cycle may be useful in confirming the diagnosis and resection of endometrial polyp suspected by transvaginal ultrasound and is safe on the endometrium in terms of receptivity and improvement of the pregnancy rate. As the sample size of our study is relatively small, a well-designed large RCT is required to confirm our results before clinical advice is released.


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