Journal of Human Reproductive Science
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 90-95
Transvaginal ultrasound-guided methotrexate instillation for failed medical management of ectopic pregnancies in subfertile women


1 Assisted Reproductive Technology Centre, Military Hospital, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India
2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, AFMC, Pune, Maharashtra, India
3 ART Centre, Army Hospital, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Nikita Naredi
Assisted Reproductive Technology Centre, Military Hospital, Bhopal - 462 031, Madhya Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jhrs.jhrs_1_22

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Background: Ectopic pregnancy (EP) defined as extrauterine implantation of the embryo can be managed medically or surgically. Medical management entails systemic administration of the antineoplastic drug methotrexate (MTX) which, if not successful, surgical management is resorted to. However, we carried out this study wherein the failed medical management cases were given intra-gestational sac MTX instead of surgery. Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of intra-gestational MTX administration as a treatment modality for failed medical management of ectopic pregnancies. Study Setting and Design: It was a prospective interventional study carried out at the Reproductive Medicine Centre of a tertiary care hospital. Materials and Methods: It was a prospective interventional study wherein 12 patients of EP with failed medical management (as per established criteria) were administered intra-gestational MTX with follicle aspiration needle under transvaginal sonography guidance. Statistical Analysis Used: Data were collected in Microsoft Excel. Numerical continuous variables were expressed as mean ± standard deviation. Categorical variables were expressed as count/percentage. Results: All the patients responded to the local administration of MTX, with none requiring rescue surgery. In addition, no one had any complication of the local instillation. However, one patient required an additional dose of MTX. Conclusion: Intra-gestational MTX administration is a viable non-surgical modality for treatment of ectopic pregnancies even in cases of failed medical management with an added benefit of tubal preservation.


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