Journal of Human Reproductive Science
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 370-376
The impact of high circulating anti-müllerian hormone on endometrial thickness and outcome of assisted reproductive technology in women with polycystic ovarian syndrome: A cohort study

1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt
2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Academic Unit of Translational Medical Sciences, School of Medicine, University of Nottingham, Royal Derby Hospital Centre, Derby, UK

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ahmed Aboelfadle Mohamed
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Assuit University, Assuit
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jhrs.jhrs_112_22

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Background: Elevated circulating anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) in women with the polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) has been found to have a detrimental effect on endometrial function. This may adversely affect the outcome of in vitro fertilisation (IVF) in PCOS women. Aims: To investigate the impact of high serum AMH concentrations on endometrial thickness (ET) and the outcome of IVF in women with PCOS. Settings and Design: This retrospective cohort study included all PCOS women who underwent fresh IVF\intracytoplasmic sperm injection cycles between January 2016 and December 2021 in one major IVF centre. Materials and Methods: PCOS diagnosis was based on Rotterdam criteria, and participants were identified from centre database. All women received antagonist protocol. Primary outcomes were trigger-day ET and live birth rate (LBR). Circulating AMH was correlated with ET and ovarian response. Statistical Analysis Used: AMH levels were compared between women with and without live birth. ET and LBRs were compared between women with AMH <7.0 ng/ml versus those with AMH ≥7.0 ng/ml. Results: The study included 102 PCOS women, of which six were excluded due to poor response (n = 4), hyperresponse (n = 1) or fertilisation failure (n = 1). Of the remaining 96 women, 42 (43.8%) achieved a live birth. There was no statistically significant (P > 0.05) correlation between AMH and ET. Mean ± standard deviation AMH concentration was not significantly (P > 0.05) different between women with live birth (6.5 ± 3.4 ng/ml) and those without (6.5 ± 2.4 ng/ml). High AMH positively correlated with the number of oocytes retrieved, metaphase II oocytes and embryos (P = 0.003, 0.006 and 0.006, respectively). There was no statistically significant (P > 0.05) difference in ET or LBR between women with AMH <7.0 ng/ml (n = 72; ET, 10.7 ± 1.8 mm; LBR, 45.8% [33/72] versus those with AMH ≥7.0 ng/ml (n = 24; ET, 10.8 ± 1.7 mm; LBR, 37.5% [9/24]). Conclusions: High circulating AMH in PCOS women does not seem to negatively affect ET or LBRs during assisted reproductive technology.

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