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 Indian J Med Microbiol  
 

Figure 1: Causes of SDF and consequences of SDF on fertility potential and well-being of the newborn. IUI: Intrauterine insemination; IVF: In vitro fertilisation; ICSI: Intracytoplasmic sperm injection; SDF: Sperm DNA fragmentation

Figure 1: Causes of SDF and consequences of SDF on fertility potential and well-being of the newborn. IUI: Intrauterine insemination; IVF:<i> In vitro </i>fertilisation; ICSI: Intracytoplasmic sperm injection; SDF: Sperm DNA fragmentation